AMSIC Newsletter, issue 4, September, 2017 - Download PDF (French Only)
AMSIC Newsletter, issue 3, February 3, 2017 - Download PDF (English)
AMSIC Newsletter, issue 2, September 30, 2016 - Download PDF (French Only)
AMSIC Newsletter, issue 1, May, 2015 - Download PDF- English
September 2017 Editorial is reproduced on home page
AMSNewsletter February 3, 2017
Issue # 3, February 2017
Want to learn about AMS?
Become AMS member?
Send application to AMS President, Dr. Abdoulaye Doucoure: email@example.com
AMS Newsletter Submissions
Please send news, announcements and other contributions for the newsletter to the Editor, Dr. Sidy Ba: Sidy.Ba@USherbrooke.ca
Your contribution shall be included in the next issue of the newsletter.
University of South Africa
The 2nd African Membrane Society International Congress (AMSIC-2) will be held in the City of Johannesburg (South Africa) from the 29th of July to the 1st of August 2018. The AMSIC-2 will be hosted by the Nanotechnology and Water Sustainability (NanoWS) Research Unit of the University of South Africa (UNISA) The NanoWS Research Unit is situated in the UNISA’s College of Science, Engineering and Technology at the Science Campus in Florida (West of the City of Johannesburg). The NanoWS Research Unit has various focus areas of research under which numerous strategic projects relating to nanotechnology and water research are developed. Research topics that will be addressed during AMSIC-2 include, among others:
UF, NF, RO, FO and mixed matrix membranes (fabrication and applications),
Fabrication and modification of ceramic, ceramic-polymeric and hollow fibre membranes,
Composites, nanocomposites, nanomaterials in filtration,
Membranes coupled with renewable energy sources,
Hybrid membrane filtration systems.
This event aims to capture key technological advances in fields heavily dependent on membrane filtration such as Water, Biotechnology and Biomedical sciences, Microelectronics, Chemical Manufacturing, Oil and Gas, and Power Generation.
As for membrane studies devoted to water, we will consider water purification projects, analytical/environmental research, urban water cycle and rural community development as well as bioremediation and analysis. The NanoWS research Unit is therefore well poised to host the AMSIC-2. We look forward to welcoming you to the City of Johannesburg in 2018!
AMS activities and news
AMS introduction to European Membrane Society (EMS) new Council
The African Membrane Society congratulates Prof. Christiana BOI (Universiti of Bologna, Italy) following her recent election as President of EMS.
We will stay in close contact with Christiana and her team and are looking forward to a productive relationship between both organizations. EMS Past President, Prof. Bart Van der Bruggen (Dept. Chem. Eng., KU Leuven, Belgium) invited Dr. Abdoulaye Doucoure to an inaugural meeting of the EMS Council, where he gave a speech. Prof. Van der Bruggen felt it was important to maintain a strong relationship between both organizations, a view also held by Dr. Abdoulaye. The latter thanked Prof. Van der Bruggen for his determination to help improving AMS’ visibility within the global membrane community and for sponsoring its events. “We wish him a continued success in his new endeavors and will remain in contact” he added.
AMS key initiatives in 2016 and outlook for 2017-2018
The year 2016 has been an uplifting year for AMS, starting with the enrollment of new members located in Europe, Asia and Africa (Tanzania, Egypt, Ethiopia, South Africa, Tunisia, Mali, Senegal and Ghana), which led to a 10% increase in membership. Our website has been enriched with content focused more on membrane projects which are conducted in Africa - including two newsletters focusing on AMS. Finally, AMS held its first international venue (AMSIC-1) in Tunisia in partnership with the Faculté des Sciences de Sfax, from May 3rd to 5th, 2016. Many organizers devoted countless hours of work to make it a success. Everyone was relieved and delighted by the level of productivity, the accomplishments and the memorable reception. The venue was a critical milestone for the AMS community and we are thankful to everyone who supported us during this challenging journey.
What are the next steps in 2017 and 2018? Well, AMS commits to undertake the following actions:
Write Newsletters #3 and #4;
Publish original research and review articles related to membranes & environment in scientific peer reviewed journals;
Facilitate online audio-video seminars organized by members (at least one);
Partnering with the organizers of Francofilt meeting to be held in Bordeaux (August 29th – 31st, 2017 by IFTS, University of Bordeaux, CNRS, etc ) https://francofilt2017.sciencesconf.org/;
Prepare for election of new AMS Board (2nd semester of 2017);
Prepare for AMSIC-2 (City of Johannesburg, South Africa, July 29-Aug 3rd, 2018).
Board members of AMS can be elected for up to two three-year terms. We are eager to prepare for this election and are excited about the prospect of bringing talented individuals to the organization.
Aside from these priorities, we are committed to getting more AMS members involved, hopefully inspiring, creating opportunities for and giving visibility to new volunteers and especially our early-career filtration experts.
Lastly, the Board has been brainstorming about publishing a series of technical booklets aimed at disseminating knowledge about membranes, filtration, energy and water technologies by illustrating research/teaching materials from faculty and professional participants in Africa. We plan to kick start this initiative during the 4th quarter of 2017.
Any support, ideas or sponsor will be highly appreciated!
Bakary’s PhD research dissertation is entitled “Treatment of Mali Drainage Mining Water by Nanofitration” and his defense took place on August 1st 2016 in Bamako during the Mali Symposium on Applied Sciences http://msas2016.ml/. The reviewers were Amadou Hama Maiga (Former General Director of the International Institute for Water & Environmental Engineering in Ouagadougou – Burkina Faso) and Sylvie Condom (Faculty at the “Institut Européen des Membranes” of Montpellier, France). His research thesis was co-advised by Adama Tolofoudyé (Head, Département de Génie Chimique, USTTB, Mali) and Abdoulaye Doucouré (President of AMS and Manager, Hollingsworth & Vose Company, Virginia USA). Dr. Dembelé has been recruited by USTTB’s Department of Chemistry to teach at the undergraduate level and pursue research in the field of materials sciences and the engineering.
Bakary Dembelé is the first graduate student of the “Université des Sciences Techniques et Technologiques de Bamako (USTTB)” in Mali to defend a doctoral thesis in the field of membrane science.
After 7 years of experience at the Institut de la Filtration et des Techniques Séparatives, Dr. Saidani joined Novasep in January 2017 to resume his new role in membrane technology and purification processes. Novasep is a leading worldwide provider of integrated manufacturing solutions for the life science industries. The group is widely recognized for its expertise in the industrial production of molecules (bio-and synthetic molecule) and purification of active pharmaceutical ingredients. Dr. Saidani is incharge of membrane technology at Novasep and will also work with customers in the design and realization of unit operations and purification processes. Also, providing turnkey solutions for production lines for the food and bioresources industries.
Hafedh Saidani (Dr) - New position
AMS congratulates Dr. Saidani for his new appointment and it wishes him an enduring success in his new role
In 2016, students from the Unité de Développement des Equipements Solaires [Solar Equipment Development Unit] (UDES) in Bou-Ismail, Algeria, have successfully defended several Master theses. Topics addressed issues of wastewater treatment and desalination, as reflected by the thesis titles:Study of coupling Adsorption / Photocatalysis for the treatment of polluted water in a fixed bed reactor. Amazigh Sahraoui and Smail Nuoissi, Master thesis in Chemical Engineering: University of Science and Technology Houari Boumediene / UDES, Center for the Development of Renewable Energies, June 2016. Adviser: Djilali Tassalit.
Design and production of a new solar photoreactor for the treatment of recalcitrant pollutants. Bradai Manel and Kissarli Abd el-Hakim, Master thesis in Chemical Engineering: University of Science and Technology Houari Boumediene / UDES, Center for the Development of Renewable Energies, June 2016.Adviser: Djilali Tassalit.
Comparative study of the degradation of paracetamol in two photoreactors and optimization by experimental design. Nour elimen Bendjebbas and Hayat Ghebghoub, Master thesis in Chemical Engineering: University of Science and Technology Houari Boumediene / UDES, Center for the Development of Renewable Energies, June 2016. Adviser: Nadia Chekir.
Experimental and numerical study of the performances of a single slope distiller coupled to planar solar collectors. Yousra Abdelbaki and Osama Kritli, Master thesis in Chemical Engineering and Catalysis, University Blida / UDES, Center for Renewable Energies Development, June 2016. Adviser: Zahia Tigrine.
Photocatalytic degradation of organic pollutants by solar radiation. Fairouz Khebil and Nabila Zenibaa, Master thesis in Chemical Engineering: University of Science and Technology Houari Boumediene / UDES, Center for the Development of Renewable Energies, June 2016. Adviser: Aoudjit Lamine.
Processing of organic pollutants on two solar photocatalytic supports. Madina Belmihoub and Houria Habbi, Master thesis in Chemical Engineering: University of Science and Technology Houari Boumediene / UDES, Center for Renewable Energies Development, June 2016. Adviser: Nadia Chekir.
Membrane technologies/processes in Africa : Centre de Développement des Energies Renouvelables [Renewable Energy Development Center]
Présentation de l’Unité de Développement des Equipements Solaire du Centre de Développement des Energies Renouvelables
Nachida Kasbadji Merzouk (Dr) and Zahia Tigrine
L’Unité de Développement des Equipements Solaires (UDES, Bou Ismail, Tipaza), est affiliée au Centre de Développement des Energies Renouvelables (CDER). Ces missions principales sont axées principalement sur la réalisation des travaux de conception, de dimensionnement et d’optimisation des équipements en énergies renouvelables pour la production de la chaleur, l’électricité, le froid et le traitement des eaux. L’UDES est organisée en deux divisions dont la division Froid et Traitement des Eaux par Energies Renouvelables qui contient deux équipes de recherche savoir, l’équipe de Valorisation et de l’Epuration des Eaux de Rejets (EVER) et l’équipe de Distillation et Dessalement des Eaux Saumâtres et de Mer (DDESM).
Cette dernière s’attèle à réaliser des projets de recherche permettant le développement et le test des techniques membranaires dont la réponse à la charge énergétique provient de systèmes à énergie renouvelable.
Dans ce cadre-là, l’équipe DDESM s’est équipée d’un pilote d’osmose inverse afin de caractériser à travers différents essais expérimentaux, le dessalement d’eau saline dont la concentration en chlorure de sodium varie dans la gamme 5 ≤ sal (g/l) ≤ 30 en fonction de pression imposée, . La figure suivante présente l'installation de l'unité d'osmose inverse de faible capacité dans le laboratoire de notre équipe UDES/CDER. Le pilote contient une membrane spiralée (1000 PSI (70bar) Feuille de Membrane Résistante FRP) placée dans un carter dont les caractéristiques sont données au tableau 1, . Les différentes caractéristiques de fonctionnement du système sont illustrées sur le tableau 2, .
Pilote d’osmose inverse installé au laboratoire de l’équipe DDEMS.
Table 1 : Limites maximales de fonctionnement de la membrane testée
OI Model SEA5-4040
pH toléré pendant le fonctionnement
3 à 10
Concentration en chlore
Turbidité de l'eau d'alimentation
Eau d'alimentation SDI
Rapport minimal entre le débit du concentré et celui du perméat pour tout élément
Table 2. : Données techniques d'exploitation
Critères et design
Flux de perméat
Pression de service
temperature nominale de fonctionnement
18 ° C
Consommation d'eau brute
Inlet pressure of Need
Au moins 3 bar
Pression de l'eau brute
Operating pressure requirement
67 bar max
16 L / m² / h
3 kW/500 A
<0.01mg / lt
Raccord de tuyauterie
Eau brute : DN 15
Manganese / Aluminium
<0.025 mg / lt
Perméat : DN 15
concentration : 15 DN
Plusieurs tests ont été effectués au sein du laboratoire comme l’étude de la variation du débit du perméat et du rétentat en fonction de la pression pour une salinité du puit de 1g/l ainsi que la variation du débit de perméat en fonction de la pression pour différentes salinités. L’installation du couplage de ce pilote avec les énergies renouvelables telles que présentées sur le schéma suivant et en cours de réalisation.
Fig. 5 : Variation du débit retentat et perméat en fonction de la pression, 
Fig 4 : Variation du debit du perméat en fonction de la pression pour différentes salinité, 
Schéma du couplage du pilote d’osmose inverse avec l’énergie photovoltaïque, 
- Z. Tigrine, N. Kasbadji Merzouk, H. Aburideh, M. Abbas, D. Zioui, D. Belhout, S. Hout, Pilot-Scale Reverse Osmosis for Brackish and Seawater Desalination Coupled with Renewable Energy. International Journal of Environmental Science, 1, 350-356
- Z. Tigrine, H. Abuhideh, M. Abbas, S.Hout, N. Kasbadji Merzouk, D. Zioui, M. Khateb, Membrane Desalination Technology in Algeria : Reverse Osmosis for Coastal Areas, 7th International Exergy, Energy and Environment Symposium, 26-30 avril 2015
- N. Kasbadji Merzouk, Z. Tigrine and D. Tassalit L'appoint des énergies renouvelables au dessalement, Conférence AMSC1, l’exploitation des procèdes membranaires pour le traitement de l'eau dans les petites communautés et les centres urbains, Faculté des Sciences de Sfax, 3-5 mai 2016
- Z. Tigrine, N.Kasbadji Merzouk, H. Aburideh, M. Abbas, D. Zioui, D.Belhout, S.Hout, M. Khateb, Characterization of pilot-scale desalination reverse osmosis membrane coupled with sustainable energy source. Conférence AMSC1, l’exploitation des procèdes membranaires pour le traitement de l'eau dans les petites communautés et les centres urbains, Faculté des Sciences de Sfax, 3-5 mai 2016
Our partner's corner
Envisioning a mutually beneficial partnership between
International Water Association (IWA) and African Membrane Society
Roger Ben Aïm (Dr)
Distinguished Fellow of IWA
Member of IWA Strategic Council
IWA is the largest and the most representative international association in the field of water in the world. It embraces all the aspects of water activity from pure water to waste water, from scientific to industrial aspects, from water quality to water management ( http://www.iwa-network.org/).
IWA has members in 130 countries in the world, including 53 African countries (including Kenya, Malawi, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania, Uganda). In 2015 a UN summit adopted a set of goals as a part of a new development agenda, i.e. the “Sustainable Development goals” to be reached by 2030 (http://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/development-agenda/). IWA strongly supports this approach through a resolution entitled “Effective contribution of water professionals to the achievement of Sustainable Development Goal 6 and all water-related Targets of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable development”. IWA action will be mostly focused on Goal 6 : Clean water and sanitation, which goal is to “Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all”. Today:
50% or less people have access to potable water in several developing countries including several African countries
34% of the world’s population lack basic sanitation facility and this percentage increases to 56% in sub-Saharan Africa
We all agree that membrane technology should play a role in clean water production as in wastewater treatment and reuse. The AMS International Conference in Sfax, Tunisia last year confirmed the important role of membranes in sustainable water management: this was a proof of the dynamism of the sector not only in research but also in industrial activity as several Subject Matter Experts attended the exhibition.
It is important that IWA and AMS join their effort and work hand in hand to achieve mutual goals.
This could be made easier in 3 ways
IWA officers are present in Africa and they could help in the process of conducting joint actions. IWA-Africa contact person: firstname.lastname@example.org ;
IWA Specialist group on Membrane Technology is very active and would surely agree in joint actions with AMS such as the organization of a joint regional conference that could take place in 2018;
IWA networking platform is a fantastic forum for keeping in touch with the whole water and wastewater specialists’ community.
Finally, universal access to Clean Water and Sanitation goal is a real challenge particularly in Africa: only 13 years remaining for reaching this milestone! This implies the mobilization of all of us.
Let us start the job!
AMS Newsletter, issue 2, September 30, 2016
Editorial : A word from the Secretary General of AMS
The African Membrane Society (AMS) organized in collaboration with the Faculty of Sciences of Sfax (Tunisia) an international meeting on the ' Exploitation of Membrane Processes for Water Treatment in Small Communities and Urban Centers' from 3 to 5 May 2016. The Sfax community welcomed with warmth and enthusiasm AMS first international congress: AMSIC-1.
It is worth stressing that a key AMS priority is to stimulate technological transfer via the formation of a critical mass of experts and dissemination of scientific knowledge.
The issues of access to water and drought are of great size and importance in African countries and a strict management of water resources is needed. This approach is likely to address more effectively transnational threats posed by armed conflicts, food crises and epidemic risks. On the other hand, good management of natural resources will warrant better control of the water needs in (still rising) communities, and disrupt the impact of water stress now rampant in the Maghreb (Northern Africa region) under the influence of global warming climate.
Today, African states seem to have prioritized the need to mobilize and share the resources of the continent. AMS welcomes such initiatives and believes that its success is closely related to an active mobilization of African policy makers. In the field of water treatment, membrane filtration systems have several technological advantages for Africa (modularity and robustness of equipment, control of water quality, ease of use, etc.), especially as the investment and operating costs are getting closer to those of conventional treatment systems.The international meeting of Sfax (Tunisia) focused on major advances in academic and industrial research particularly in the field of membrane filtration technology for water treatment. The fallout from this event will be analyzed more extensively in our next newsletter but the following observations can already be identified:
Specialists in filtration gathered to share the results of research projects in Africa and to make recommendations on future directions in technology management, stimulating economic growth through the development of water and energy resources. We hope that the convergence of these efforts will help curb the disastrous consequences of poverty in all countries of the African continent.
AMSIC-1 conference took place over two days the first of which was devoted to filtration technologies for the production of drinking water and desalination processes. Topics such as Formation of Membrane Materials, Membrane Development and Fouling, Filtration Performance of Membranes and Modules were examined in depth by experts. Meanwhile, the contribution of renewable energies for an effective management of filtration processes was actively debated.
The second day was dedicated to innovation in filtration systems and the application of membrane filtration in the field of irrigation, the biotech and pharmaceutical industries, and to promote the exploitation of recycled and reuse water.
These meetings gave us an opportunity to brainstorm on the need to strengthen institutional partnerships in Africa in the field of education and through industrial partnerships.
I was impressed by the strong attendance during our first international meeting and believe that it will contribute to African development in the scientific and socio-economic areas. The final report of our first congress (in progress) will provide more specific information, evaluate meeting outcomes and define some future areas of work for our association.
The town of Sfax which hosted this event is the second largest city of Tunisia. Located about 270 kilometers from Tunis, it covers an area of 220 km2. Sfax is bordered by the Mediterranean to the east and the Gulf of Gabes in the south and has known many civilizations since antiquity (Berber, Romanian, Carthaginian, Byzantine and Arab-Muslim), These have left a rich and deep cultural heritage. The most important monuments of the historic center are i) the Ramparts and great Cisterns built in 856 (UNESCO heritage) at the time Aghlabids and considered among the major landmarks of the Arab-Muslim world, ii) The Great Mosque built by the Aghlabid and also iii) Thyna Roman city located about 10 km from the city of Sfax.
In 2014, the wider metropolitan area of Sfax had 955,421 inhabitants, placing it second only to the governorate of Tunis. It plays a leading role in the Tunisian economy through the export of olive oil (1 in the world for the year 2015) and also fish. Other critical components of the Sfax economy are phosphate mining and oil exploration.
Professor Raja Ben Amar
AMS Participants in Sfax
Group photo of participants at the conference Sfax 2016. (Photo: Amine Abdelkafi)
The Malian Society of Applied Sciences (MSAS) organized the ninth edition of its biannual symposium in Bamako from July 31 to August 5, 2016. In this edition, the AMS conducted a workshop on "Membrane Technologies and Systems hybrid for the treatment of municipal and industrial water in urban areas ". The contributions of Adama Tolofoudyé (Dr, Dir Lab. - University of Bamako) and Fadel Gassab (Engineer -. Dir at Etex, Tunisia) have highlighted the academy-industry partnership opportunities that may emerge between Mali and Tunisia . Prof. Amadou Maiga (outgoing Director 2IE, Burkina Faso) addressed the plenary session as to the issue of opportunities and challenges specific to African universities in the context of water technologies. Further information on the MSAS -2016 is available at: http://msas2016.ml/
Abdoulaye Doucoure (AMS president) and Raja Ben Amar (AMS general secretary and president of AMSIC-1 congress) attended the North American Membrane Society annual meeting held from May 30th to June 3rd, 2015 in the city of Boston. They had an opportunity to meet with Bhekie Mamba (Prof., Director of Nanotechnology and Sustainable Water Research Unit, from University of South Africa) and Hassan-Ait-Haddou (Dr, Senior Director Danaher-Pall, originally from Morocco). They stressed the needs to broaden and strengthen the academe-industry partnerships among African countries as well as with other regions of the world. They all valued the idea of bringing together WISA (wisa.org.za) and AMS members during AMSIC-1 (Sfax) in order to boost the training of African experts specialized in membrane filtration, water treatment and sustainable energy technologies.
De G. à Dr.: Hassan Ait-Haddou, Bhekie Mamba, Raja Ben Amar, Abdoulaye Doucouré
A Glance at the Scientific Press
Contributors: Abdoulaye Doucouré & Fred Molelekwa (Dir. External Relations , AMS)
The article entitled “Desalination of Simulated Seawater by purge-air Pervaporation using an Innovate Fabricated Membrane” was published by Ahmed El-Shafei (Research Scientist and faculty at Alexandria University in Egypt) in Water Science & Technology Journal in 2015. This research effort is found to be forward thinking as it places desalination technologies at the forefront of water resource management strategies in a region that is severely affected by drought. Instead of selecting reverse osmosis (RO) - the membrane process of choice for seawater desalination - El-Shafei and his colleagues have opted for exploring pervaporation (permeation by evaporation): a technology that consumes far less energy than RO. Hence, they managed to synthesize asymmetric semipermeable membranes made from regenerated cellulose, highly hydrophilic and well suited for a fast –preferential- transport of water molecules. They were able to study and implement key operating conditions aimed at desalinating concentrated brine (up to 140g/l of NaCl) solutions while maintaining high fluxes.
However, some aspects of this program deserve further clarification; such as for instance the possible use of a conditioning protocol prior testing these membranes. Also, time references are found to be missing – i.e. which moments are selected as starting points? What is the length of time intervals between two measurements? How long does an experiment last? Moreover, El-Shafei and his coworkers do not discuss concentration polarization and membrane fouling phenomena, and yet these can greatly alter the perm-selective properties of PV modules. Hence, we believe that there is merit to conduct another study (or publish more information) devoted to the following features: effects of membrane fouling (use of raw seawater) - implementation of cleaning protocols – benchmarking studies between these new PV membranes and some commercial specimens.
In summary, the research work conducted at the University of Alexandria by E-Shafei et al. is original as it invites us to consider the emergence of new concepts in the field of seawater desalination– i.e. development of hybrid PV-membrane distillation systems equipped with hydrophilic / hydrophobic filters; application of regenerated cellulosic membranes in forward osmosis; or concentration of saline water by reverse osmosis.
The African Membrane Society is the result of discussions initiated in August 2010 in Bamako at a workshop of the Mali Symposium on Applied Sciences. Experts on water and membrane technologies present at the meeting had then expressed the wish to create a continental structure able to meet the following expectations:
AMS virtual network was created in 2011 which comprised about thirty members from West Africa, North Africa and some members in North America. After the launching of a virtual platform, this group has appointed an interim executive body that continued to operate between 2012 and 2014.
This newsletter aims to providing greater visibility to AMS activities (members, resources, projects, etc.), to present current projects on the promotion of filtration processes in Africa, and to integrate contributions of our esteemed partners.
AMS is a scientific association, of public interest, not for profit, not accepting any form of discrimination within it. It is headquartered at the National School of Engineers Abderrahmane Baba Toure in Bamako.The permanence at its headquarter is assured by Professor Arona Coulibaly with whom you can communicate directly by e-mail: email@example.com
One of AMS flagship projects in the near future is the publication of a textbook on membrane technologies for undergraduate engineering students. To this end, AMS is calling for contributions from experts in the field of membranes, regardless of nationality, interested in participating to write a chapter of this book to contact one of the editorial board members through the following emails:
• Sidy BA (Sidy.Ba@USherbrooke.ca) ;
Membrane & Filtration Research in Africa
Competitiveness of membrane technology in water treatment has greatly increased over the last decade. This is in large part due to the efficiency of this treatment process in removing small contaminants that often escape conventional methods, not requiring use of chemicals, and its relatively affordable energy consumption. Given these advantages, membrane technologies are essential in the coming years to meet the demand for ever increasing diverse water needs.
Pall Aria MF/UF unit AX2
Presentation of one of the project partners: ENI-ABT in Bamako
ENI-ABT is an institution of higher education in Mali whose mission is devoted to academic, professional and continuing training of engineers and technicians in the fields of energy, water and environment, civil engineering, geomantic, geology and mining, industry and telecommunications. To fulfill its mission, the school has 4 academic departments and research which are the Departments of Civil Engineering, Industrial Engineering, Geodesy and Geology. Several workshops and laboratories are attached to the 4 departments and provide practical training to high qualified students of ENI-ABT. The school headquarters AMS and is located at:
410, Av. Van Vollenhoven,
BP 242, Bamako,
MALI Tél. : +223 20 22 27 36
Fax : +223 20 21 50 38
Images of ENI-ABT
Under AMS spotlight
The vision of AMS is to prepare and train a critical mass of African experts specialized in membrane science, water treatment processes and sustainable technologies in the field of energy. In line with this vision, AMS has initiated, with the material and financial support of its partners, an award program for young talents working in the field of membrane technologies in Africa. This program is designed to encourage these young people in their scientific and technological research on membranes.
AMS members are proud to award these prizes to young African talents who often work in difficult research conditions and still manage to generate some impressive results through hard work. We invite and encourage others involved in the promotion of membrane technologies to sponsor this award program for young African talents.
Le Coin de nos Partenaires
“The European Membrane Society supports membrane science and technology in Africa”
President of the European Membrane
During the International Conference on Membranes and Membrane Processes (ICOM) in July 2014 in Suzhou, China, it was underlined that membrane science and technology has a global interest today. That may seem a logical remark, but it has not always been the case. Going back in time, to the origins of membrane separations, it was Japan, Europe and the USA who took the lead in organizing membrane activities, bringing researchers and the industry together, discussing about fundamentals and applications of membranes. It was evident that the core of the activities was organized in these parts of the world; these have stimulated progress in development of membrane processes enormously. In the scientific literature, the dominance of the traditional regions was evident in the 1980s and the 1990s. After the turn of the century membranes started conquering other parts of the world as well. The most impressive development has been in China. Starting from a nearly blank sheet, China managed to become in no less than two decades one of the leaders in membrane science and particularly, in membrane applications. The Asian continent organized the membrane network in the Aseanian Membrane Society (AMS), with as strong member countries the traditional Japan, but also Korea, China, and Australia. On the other side of the globe, Latin America found a natural partner in the North American Membrane Society (NAMS). Some of these countries have also seen an impressive progress. Countries like Mexico, Brasil, Argentina and Chile continue to put their mark in the membrane world.
Young researchers’ corner
Young African scientists admirably contribute to the development of membrane technologies on their continent. We gave the floor to some of these future experts who will carry on the torch of the AMS :
Dr Tarik ELJADDI : The title of my thesis is "Study and quantification of the evolution in performance of different polymeric membranes designed for directed processes aimed at extracting facilitated metal cations". As part of my thesis work, I was hosted as a visiting scientist at the Laboratory of Polymers, Biopolymers and Surfaces (PBS), university of Rouen, France. It is expected that I defend my thesis on March 2015.
Mme Nouha TAHRI : My thesis focuses on the preparation and development of new ceramic membranes based on porosity-controlled carbon filtration and their applications in wastewater treatment and for the purification of industrial phosphoric acid.
Excerpt from the poster awarded in Casablanca / 15-17 April 2014
Mr Ahmed HAMMAMI: My work focuses on treating dye effluents from industrial textile wastewater by using a hybrid process composed of adsorption and ultrafiltration. The goal is to eliminate pollutants, especially color in order to obtain reusable treated wastewater. AO7 dye solutions and dye wastewater are considered.
The effect of various parameters (temperature, pH, concentration, time, addition of additives) on the performance of both processes will help us choosing the best option.
AMS on the Scientific Press /Topic « Frugal Engineering »
In a recent perspective paper in Science (vol. 434, (6202), 1287-1290), Deb Niemeier et al. (2014) argue that complex technical innovation can be an impediment to sustainable global health improvement, especially in developing countries. (Deb Niemeier et al, Science, vol. 434, (6202), 1287-1290, 2014). To paraphrase the authors: ‘’Strategies and technological tools which have been favorable contributing factors in public health systems of wealthy countries have failed elsewhere mainly because of limited infrastructure and low-resource settings’’. Their proposed solutions stress multiple measures centered on a model of frugal design, i.e. one for which any engineering design step must account for a weak local infrastructure. However, we believe that Niemeier’s ‘’Template for success’’ should have discriminated societal needs that are specific to small communities versus those of large communities confronted with exploding demographics. In Africa for instance, one cannot neglect the technological divide existing between rural communities and the more populated areas that have access to more resource assets. Although, fast-growing cities in developing countries can’t leverage operational infrastructure similar to that of wealthy nations, they still process high quantities of raw materials, generate high waste levels, and import many sophisticated items from rich countries. Hence, let’s not forget that context matters and that terminologies associated with “designs” must be nuanced. Thus, adaptive (or agile) engineering seems more appropriate for the bustling African cities having partial access to clean water and electricity.
D. Niemeier et al. article also contrasted the cellular phone technology – accessible to 6 billion persons around the planet - to the mixed outcome resulting from the adoption of latrine or toilet systems – used by a mere 4.5 billon individuals. Indeed, mobile phone are a success story because service providers have managed to deploy a functional communication infrastructure worldwide and consumers have swiftly embraced the short-term value propositions – user friendliness, internet access for market investment, online banking, weather monitoring etc. However the disposal of portable phones poses a growing environmental challenge specifically in communities lacking any reliable solid waste management system. One should therefore acknowledge that current strategies of consumer electronics technology transfer bear a pressing environmental burden that needs to be addressed.
Last, this article emphasizes some prevalent educational pitfalls that affect many developing countries, including the reliance on outdated (often too theoretical) curricula, the limited teaching practices that do not foster innovation, the underpaid and non-motivated faculty, and the poorly equipped experimental laboratories. Niemeier et al. advocate for curricular reforms enabling “students to become successful practitioners of frugal design from a systems perspective”. Indeed, such educational reforms can yield significant progress but other key learning aspects should not be compromised such as the study of fundamental engineering principles, the exposure to cutting-edge technological knowledge (through visits to and exchanges with top-tier schools) and the effects of socio-economic factors on supply chain sustainability. In fact, this topic warrants a deeper brainstorming on educational advancement, which can’t solely be framed around the model of frugal design.
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